L’Expression: Nationale – “Age is not a disease”

Retirees do not form a homogeneous block. Their situation has faded based on their retirement, their life path and the choices they have made. But in all cases, the retiree is mostly not withdrawn or withdrawn. The pensioner in Kabylia has always remained active, productive and open to possibilities. The pension is not dissociated from the professional for some who make plans for gainful activity or voluntary work. Others, on the other hand, fall into inertia and loneliness in a hostile and empty environment. In the 1960s and 1970s, most of the elderly had no old age pension, especially in rural areas, the rare retirees were perceived as wealthy. The pensioner was perceived as a “wealthy” person, even if his pension was very low, he had the merit of existing. It was shortly thereafter that the ranks of retirees swelled and, more particularly, in recent years with the massive exits recorded in various sectors of activity. Concerns about their future after retirement exist among all retirees. They wonder what they will do, how they will live without a job, which raises the question of depression, on the one hand, and on the other, they are concerned about the high cost of living and its demands.

How is retirement perceived, prepared and experienced?
Retired from education, universities and the public or private sector, everyone sees things in their own way. While many of them see their retirement period as activity like taking care of their children and grandchildren, doing things they couldn’t do before, others find taking care of themselves is part of their projection. This is how to play sports, go to the Hammam from time to time and travel, both abroad and in Algeria, visit the family, renew ties with the family and bring spirituality back into one’s daily life.

Retirees who are summed up
Another category has appeared in recent years. These are those who continue their business due to low income (pensions). For this category, withdrawal is not a disengagement, but a re-engagement towards other objectives. All are projected into an active future but with fewer constraints. Thus, Hamid, 56, retired early after 28 years of service. Today he runs a fruit and vegetable business. Halid was quick to retire because he explains so well “I’m finally going to work where no one gives me orders”. This demand for self-employment is present among many pre-retirees and retirees. The other trend tended rather in favor of working “with the state or the private sector”, or even “self-employment, at home” which seems to be appreciated especially among women. Since I retired I have started making clothes, ”says Salima, who, like her pastry chef neighbor, left her professional life at the age of 50.
Da Mohamed, retired from Algerian Galleries in the 1990s, continued his managerial job at Algérie Télécom for more than 10 years after his retirement. “I couldn’t handle the retirement life in the city, so I decided to resume my job at another company, which allowed me to replenish my monthly income and buy a car,” he says. Rachid is a villager. He was only thinking of returning to his country land after a working career at Remila’s Alfaditex. “I garden, I raise animals of all kinds and to tell the truth with you I earn double my life and I am happy to welcome my grandchildren for the holidays and when I miss the city, I take a day, at most in the city”, This trend is specific to the villagers.
Retired following the collapse of state-owned enterprises in the 1990s and their dismantling following the structural adjustment program imposed by international institutions, Belkacem, in his 70s, good foot, good eye, really retired 15 Years ago. He is still active “so he doesn’t choke in the house or go out on the street,” he says. The need to “work keeps”.

Out of compulsion and out of spirituality
Abdelkader, on the other hand, continues to work under duress. Married late, his children are still small and have requests that he fears he will not be able to fulfill, so he resumes service. “With a colleague from the same region we have planned our departure planning to develop a business”, – and this has been going on for 6 years. Some retirees engage in spiritual pursuits, which feature prominently in their daily practices and appear to bring serenity and well-being to the elderly. It is the case of Idir who judges to dedicate himself to bringing spirituality back into his daily life, now that he has secured a professional career, which has earned him a good retirement as a state executive. “I sided with the conviction to distance myself from anything that can harm me.” Others like him are more spiritually oriented: they often go to the mosque, they learn the Koran.

They participate in everyday life
Older people are increasingly aware of the new potential available to them. They believe that the time they have left should not be wasted but lived fully. The elderly are active, each at their own pace and according to their particularities. Hence this category, of men and women, who do not think of an additional retirement salary but remain active and participate in everyday life. babysit grandchildren daily or occasionally and take part in household activities. “When I’m not cleaning and cooking, I take care of my grandchildren,” says Ferroudja, who still lives with her only child. Household activities take up most of her husband’s time, who does the shopping in the neighborhood.

They are active in the associative movement
Some are integrated into associations, all the people we contacted are satisfied with their living conditions but all hope for the return of the revaluation of pensions and to benefit from other benefits. This is the fight that Mustapaha wages within ONRA, a new organization of Algerian pensioners, recently approved. “We are in the middle of the structuring of the municipal offices. We intend to join the board of directors of Cnr, enter into agreements with hospitals, hotels, hammams and travel agencies “, he underlines before comrade Ahmed increases” the pensioner not only needs an increase in his pension but also support in all areas of life and our organization is there precisely to be at the service of the 38 million pensioners in Algeria in these difficult times ”. Health is the primary concern of retirees, as is leisure time. Our organization is precisely to establish a forecast of the needs of this population in terms of free time, activities and maintenance. Age is not a disease. Older people have equally important needs in terms of affection, activity and free time to preserve their physical and mental health, to maintain their sociability and sense of effectiveness and therefore their self-confidence. A deteriorating elderly person is not only a loss of knowledge and know-how, but also of affection for his children and grandchildren.

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